Reality Therapy was developed in the mid-sixties by William Glasser MD, an American Psychiatrist, and its techniques, theory and wider applications continue to evolve at his hands.
Reality Therapy is a method of counselling which teaches people how to direct their own lives, make more effective choices, and how to develop the strength to handle the stresses and problems of life.
The core of Reality Therapy is the idea that regardless of what has "happened" in our lives, or what we have done in the past, we can choose behaviours that will help us meet our needs more effectively in the future.
In recent times Dr. Glasser has developed a theoretical base for Reality Therapy and this is Choice Theory. He now sees the counsellor's role as one of helping the client learn the principles of Choice Theory in his or her own life.
Recommended Reading: Counseling With Choice Theory (formerly "Reality Therapy in Action")